Annual vision exams are an important part of preventative health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems are important for maintaining good vision and eye health and possibly preventing vision loss.
Comprehensive Eye and Vision Examination
Based on the individual patient, a comprehensive eye and vision exam may include the following:
- Patient History Review – Discussion of eye or vision problems you may be having, questions about your over all health, discussion previous eye or health conditions you or your family might have.
- Visual Acuity – Reading of charts to measure how clearly each eye is seeing.
- Preliminary Tests – Evaluation or measurement of depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movement, peripheral or side vision, and the way your pupils respond to light.
- Keratometry – Measures the curvature of the cornea, the clear outer surface of the eye. This is critical for determining the proper fit for contact lenses.
Recommended Eye Examination Frequency for Pediatric Patients and Adults*
|Patient Age||Asymptomatic/Risk Free
|Birth to 24 Months||At 6 months of age||By 6 months of age or as recommended|
|2 years to 5 years||At 3 years of age||At 3 years of age or as recommended|
|6 to 18 years||Before first grade and every two years thereafter||Annually or as recommended|
|19 to 60 years||Every two years||Every one to two years or as recommended|
|61 and older||Annually||Annually or as recommended|
*As recommended by the American Optometric Association